Cyber Security Situation in Nepal
10 Jul 2017
With the advancement of technology, many people are engaged on Internet to perform their day to day online activities. One out of three people are now planning to conduct and promote their business through online, so it has become as a fastest way of communicating any prototype products among customers. It can also be said as internet has turned the whole world into a global village. Being any part of world, we can conduct, promote and implement our business policies and strategies. So Cyber Security along with the concept of data has become now as a big topic for discussion that we all need to Know.
Cyber Security, term is raised globally since many confidential data and info are seen on the dark site. Per day 1 out of 10 people’s info are hacked although most highly paid and death penalty punishment is given to the committers. For this reason, it has become essential to know the Concept of Cyber Security and how we can maintain our info secure from hackers.
In the case of Nepal, many cyber security breaches had been regularly broadcasted through TV, online portal and news paper. It has been very risky, challenging and critical in Technology environment in Nepal faces. Today, despite their high regard for security and privacy, relevant policies regarding Cyber Security Situation in Nepal. Due to lack of sound knowledge among people and IT Professionals, we are not able to address the growing security breach concerns of the Cyber Users. So, it has become essential to think on this Cyber Security Topic, since our government confidential accounts along with personal accounts are hacked, last time. If we don’t think today, we will be in great problem tomorrow.
This is not the problem only we are facing even the USA, Australia, India, China, along with other counties are facing the same problem. But now they have applied many techniques of using like Password Managers to secure their data, using different utility to trace the cyber crime, so it’s time to think for our’s data as well.
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) had demonstrated that the number of people engaged on internet was increased by 50% on yearly basis. Just in 2000, it was found that only 35,000 were users. But the case was trending in Nepal and it reached to 10 times by 2009 and still in the progress of increasing for ICT applications and Internet consumption.
There are also many hidden facts that boosts up this trend in Nepal. In Business organization, around 30% employee are engaged on Internet services while for international and private home users the use of Internet was around 20% each but the case is still in progress. Similarly, many schools, colleges and computer training institutes are also using internet facilities to provide quality or market friendly education to the students; this has also increased the use of internet. So we are collecting many Data per day and it has become essential to secure our data’s. This is only possible with our efforts and hard labour.
Now let’s know what are reasons behind of being cyber crime vulnerabilities in Nepal.
In developing countries like Nepal, Poor Digital Access, Institutional Instability and Regime Instability are the main cause of being Cyber Security blunders. Researches had shown that there were no specific rules and regulation regarding Cyber Law in Nepal. So people has same perception that if they commit any crime then they would be easily escaped. So people are always intended to do fastest way of getting access to others account info. They even ready to hack others Wifi passwords using online videos.
Not only this, most of people have no knowledge on how to keep their account secure, even the IT technicians have problem on that, so proper knowledge need to be given from general to high level technicians. People are so innocent that they even ready to share their info like first name, last name, birthdays, phone numbers and locations which are bad so that hackers can easily trace them and know their presence, even the thief can harm them.
There are also many worked done by Central Investigation Bureau (CIB). The Cyber Law Act of 2006/2007 declared hacking, stealing data, pirating software, and posting defamatory information online as being criminals and civil offences. Under this law, the government can punish cyber-offenders with up to 5 years of imprisonment and fine up to $1,000 depending on the severity.
For this reason, many awareness programs are conducted in Nepal to make people aware about Cyber Crimes. Many sectors like banking, hospital, army camp, police camp, government offices etc are using many genuine software, VPN, firewalls; awareness on password updating policies, proper backup systems and highly availability with SAN and Vmware technologies. Last time Microsoft had stopped supporting windows XP in April of 2014 after it was identified that the operating system had the highest number of vulnerabilities. Similarly Pen drive has also many viruses which affect the systems. Similarly many parents are unaware about their children’s activity in internet such as Facebook, twitter etc. Besides, many cyber crimes are also not reported although they know that their sites are hacked to secure from clients concern.
Due to aforementioned facts, Government must give their special attention towards public education on Cyber Security and its management. Besides, IT professionals have to conduct program regarding Cyber Security on timely basis, so that other IT professionals know about their weakness and make our business secure and even the general people make their password strong to reduce from cyber risks and crimes. Then only the motto of Cyber Security would be achieved and our Cyber Security would be in strong position.
Author: Chiranjibi Adhikari (President of Information Security Response Team, Nepal)