Cyber Law and Its Challenge
27 Sep 2016
The rapid development of information technology leads to the proper arrangement of Cyber Laws. Cyber laws have become essential in the context of information technology. The online communication has given access to the global link, information, and service. The IT has changed the all aspect of human activities like trade, culture, communication, entertainment, education, and knowledge. With the wild advancement in information technology over the year, many countries are a concern to develop and modernize the cyber law to maintain technology improvements and guarantee that the government can respond to cybercrime and relate to criminal issues associated with this development.
The cyber law includes a wide range of legal issues including privacy, intellectual property jurisdiction and freedom of expression.
In 2004, the government of Nepal deals with cyber crimes under the Public Offense Act. Now, Nepal Police is dealing with cyber crimes but they are also not aware of the technical aspect of the crimes which means the implementation is not relative and effective the crime.
Later in 2004, The Electronic Transaction and Digital Signature Act, known as the cyber law, were passed. This law was forecast legislation for the development of Information Technology industry in Nepal.
Under Act of 2004, deleting data, hacking, stealing e-documents, posting defamatory information, software piracy and civil sanctioning to institutions and individuals. Under this law, the government can fine of up to fifty thousand rupees and punish up to five years of imprisonment.
The law tightened security for the banking transaction through electronic means, which boom the economic activities across the internet in Nepal but the biggest challenge to the cyber law is its integration with legacy system applicable to the physical world. Since cyberspace has neither boundaries nor the Netizens has the physical characteristics like age, sex etc.
In comparison to traditional media, the relative anonymity of cyberspace has broken down the traditional barriers between the individual. Anyone with internet connectivity has potential to reach to any audience of million with no distribution cost. Yes, this form of highly accessible authorship in cyberspace enlarges the complexity related to the freedom in cyberspace.